Research Highlight on Complex Oxides Thin Films

Ferrimagnetism in h-RFeO3
CA growth
Magnetic interactions between Yb and Fe in h-YbFeO3 have been studied. We found that Yb moments follow Fe moments paramagnetically with anti-alignment. At 80 K (moment compensation temperature), the Yb moments and the Fe moments cancel each other. See more details: Phys. Rev. B 95, 224428 (2017).

Magnetism and epitaxy of h-RFeO3/Fe3O4
CA growth
We have found that h-RFeO3(001)/Fe3O4(111) may form well-defined interface due to good match of lattice constant. It is also interesting that the magnetic easy axis of the two layers are perpendicular to each other: easy axis of Fe3O4 layer in (111) plane; easy axis of h-RFeO3 layer along [001] direction. See more details: J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 29, 164001 (2017).

Strain effect in h-LuFeO3 measured using restrained thermal expansion
Thermal reduction Fe3O4
The effect of biaxial strain in hexagonal ferrites has been challenging to tackle due to the experimental difficulties. Employing the restrained thermal expansion method, we successfully measured the strain effect. The results show that the compressive strain enhances the K3 lattice distortion. Our first principle calculation indicate that the compressive strain also enhances the electric polarization bu reduces the magnetic polarization. See more details: Phys. Rev. B. 95, 094110 (2017) .

Kinetics and intermediate phases in epitaxial growth of Fe3O4 films from deposition and thermal reduction
Thermal reduction Fe3O4
Fe3O4 is arguably the oldest magnetic material known to the human beings. Yet new functionalities are being exploited constantly. Using the thermal reduction method, we have successfully grown Fe3O4 thin films of flat surface (atomic terrace). See more details: Journal of Applied Physics 120, 085313 (2016)arXiv.

Phase separation in LuFeO3 films
Phase transits of rare earth ferrites
Hexagonal rare earth ferrites are stabilized in thin film by epitaxial strains. At elevated temperature, the hexagonal phase transits to the thermodynamically stable orthorhombic phase. Phase coexistence and separation occurs because the transition is the 1st order. Sharp phase boundary is found between the two phases. See more details: Applied Physics Letters 108, 202903, (2016), arXiv.

On the structural origin of single ion magnetic anisotropy in LuFeO3
Diagram of LuFeO3 structure
Hexagonal rare earth ferrites simultaneously exhibit spontaneous ferroelectricity and weak ferromagnetisim. The weak ferromagnetism relies on the specific spin anisotropy. We show that it is the subtle structural distorion related to the Fe displacement that generates this anisotropy. See more details: Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 28, 156001, (2016)arXiv.

An experimental review of hexagonal rare earth ferrites
Diagram of storage in rare earth ferrites
Hexagonal rare earth ferrites are a new class of magnetoelectric multiferroic material. They simultaneously exhibit spontaneous electric and magnetic polarizations; this suggests promising application in information storage and processing. See more details:Morden Phys. Lett. B 28, 1430008, (2014)arXiv.

Structural origin of the magnetic structure in h-LuFeO3
magnetic structure in h-LuFeO3
What's the origin of the weak ferromagnetism in h-LuFeO3? Using combined theoretical and experimental studies, we have elucidated that the low temperature weak ferromagnetism originates from a structural change. See more details:Phys. Rev. B. 90, 014436 (2014)arXiv.